Collier was Roosevelt's Commissioner of Indian Affairs. When Roosevelt appointed Milton Eisenhower instead of Collier, Collier was placed in charge of 20,000 Japanese-American inmates incarcerated at the Colorado River Indian reservation near Poston, Arizona. Eventually Collier had a falling out with Eisenhower's successor, Dillon Myer, who became director of WRA on 17 June 1942. Myer envisioned the eventual dispersal of all Japanese-American prisoners throughout America to prevent their return to the "Little Tokyos" on the West Coast. (2)
Collier had his own plans to use the Japanese-Americans at Poston in "social experiments." They were to convert 25,000 acres of land into productive farm land that would produce surplus food to feed American troops. Collier told the internees that this experiment in communal living could raise their morale and restore their faith in democracy, and at the same time it would demonstrate to other Americans "the efficiency and splendor of the cooperative way of living". (3)
Primary source: Francis Feeley. The Idealogical Uses of JAs in US Concentration Camps".
Available at: http://www.paradigme.com/sources/SOURCES-PDF/Pages%20de%20Sources04-1-3.pdf
1. Kenneth Philip. John Collier's Crusade for Indian Reform. (Tucson, AZ., 1977) pp. 208-209.2. Ibid., p. 209.
3. Ibid.4. Ibid.